## Disproof by Counterexample

Disproof is the opposite of proof – instead of showing that something is true, we must show that it is false. Any statement that makes inferences about a set of numbers can be disproved by finding just one example for which it does not work.

### Example 1

Disprove by counterexample that for any $a,b\in{\mathbb Z}$, if $a^2=b^2$, then $a=b$.

### Example 2

Prove or disprove the statement that all prime numbers are odd.