# What are the Compound Angle Identities?

In addition to the basic trigonometric identities and the reciprocal identities there are the compound angle identities including the double angle identities. The compound angle identities (sometimes called the addition angle identities) are as follows:

Proof of the first two identities follows from considering two compound triangles and proof of the third comes from using the first two identities. By replacing with and noting that , and we also have:

See Example 1 and videos for examples using the compound angle formulae.Â

## Double Angle Formulae

The double angle formulae (or identities) follow from the compound angle identities. By setting in the first set of identities above we obtain:

Note that there are two additional identities for here. These come from using (see more trigonometric identities). It is worth memorising the double angle identities as it can save time when answering exam questions. See Example 2.

## Expressions of the form

We can use the compound angle identities above to solve equations that are given in the form , for example. We do this by converting the trigonometric expression into the form , for example. Using the identity , we can write:

This expression now has separate and terms, the coefficients of which are and . Comparing this with the expression we must equate the coefficients and so:

You might recognise these expressions from the right-angled triangle with hypoteneuse and angle . The sides can be found using SOHCAHTOA (what is SOHCAHTOA?). The opposite is (which is ) and the adjacent is (which is ). It follows that expressions of the form can be converted to expressions of the form by setting and . See Example 3. Note that the above process can be applied to any of the compound angle identities.